Assertion and Reason Questions for IBPS, SBI, RBI, RRB Bank Exams - 1

Question: 1

Assertion (A) : India is a democratic country.
Reason (R) : India has a Constitution of its own.

(A) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(B) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(C) A is true but R is false.

(D) A is false but R is true.

Ans: A

India is a democratic country because its government is the government of the people, for the people and by the people. It is also true that India has its own Constitution.

Question: 2

Assertion (A) : The steam engine was invented by James Watt.
Reason (R) : There was a problem of taking out water from flooded mines.

(A) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(B) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(C) A is false but R is true.

(D) A is true but R is false.

Ans: B

The problem of pumping out water from the flooded mines provided the need of a self working engine, which led James Watt to invent the same.

Question: 3

Assertion (A) : Most of the Himalayan rivers are perennial.
Reason (R) : They are fed by melting snow.

(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(C) A is false but R is true.

(D) A is true but R is false.

Ans: A

Most Himalayan rivers are perennial because they are fed by the melting snow throughout the year.

Question: 4

Assertion (A) : Baking soda creates acidity in the stomach.
Reason (R) : Baking soda is alkaline.

(A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(C) A is false but R is true.

(D) A is true but R is false.

Ans: C

Baking soda, being alkaline, neutralizes the acidity in the stomach.

Question: 5

Assertion (A) : Inside the earth metals are present in molten state.Reason (R) : Earth absorbs the sun’s rays.

(A) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

(B) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

(C) A is false but R is true.

(D) A is true but R is false.

Ans: D

Inside the earth, the high temperature and pressure kept the metals in molten state. The earth does not absorb the sun’s rays but reflects them.

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