1000+ SBI PO, SO, Clerk Mains Prelims Reasoning Questions PDF - 1

Question: 1

Pollution amounts to slow murder. Regular exposure to industrial and vehicular pollution leads to life threatening diseases like asthma, heart problems, cancer and various other disorders. Therefore, nobody has the right to pollute, rich or poor. Industrial and vehicular pollution are growing rapidly across the country. It is not just metropolitan centres that are heavily polluted today but also small and medium towns. Pollution is growing faster than the economy. This is because the western technological model, built on heavy use of energy and materials, is an inherently highly toxic model. It produces huge amounts of toxic pollutants, which can be controlled if there is careful choice of technology and there is considerable discipline in its use.
The industries which use higher level of energy create more pollution.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: A

The statement ‘…. the western technological model, built on heavy use of energy ……, is an inherently highly toxic model’ indicates a direct proportion between the consumption level of energy and the amount of pollution.

Question: 2

The spread of pollution has gathered momentum in the recent past.

(A) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given

(B) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(C) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.

(D) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: B

The statements ‘Industrial and vehicular pollution are growing rapidly across the country’ and ‘Pollution is growing faster than the economy’, clearly imply the given fact.

Question: 3

Proper planning in use of modern technology leads to less pollution in the environment.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.

Ans: A

The inference directly follows from the last sentence of the passage.

Question: 4

The pollution level in the western world is considerably more than in India.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.

Ans: C

Nothing about the comparison of pollution levels in India and the western world, can be deduced from the given passage.

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