100+ Statement and Arguments Practice Questions Pdf - 1

Question: 1

Each question given below consist of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments us a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Statement :
Should the railway immediately stop issuing free passes to all the employees?
Arguments :
I. No. The employees have the right to travel free.
II. Yes. This will help railways to provide better facility.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: D

The free passes given to railway employees is a privilege for them, not their right. So, argument I does not hold. Argument II seems to be vague.

Question: 2

Statement :
Should college be given the status of a university in India?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Colleges are in a better position to assess the students performance and therefore the degrees will be more valid.
II. No. It is utopian to think that there will not be nepotism and corruption in awarding degrees by colleges.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: D

Clearly, at the college level, all the students are assessed according to their performance in the University Exams and not on the basis of any criteria of a more intimate dealings with the students. So, argument I is vague. Also, at this level the awarding of degrees is impartial and simply based on his performance. So, argument II also does not hold.

Question: 3

Statement :
Is pen mightier than a sword?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Writers influences the thinking of the people.
II. No. With the help of physical force one can conquer all.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

Physical force can accomplish a task by compulsion, while the influential writings can mould the thinking of an individual and change his discretion into accomplishing the task willfully. So, only argument I holds strong.

Question: 4

Statement :
Should all the legislators be forced to resign from their profession?
Arguments :
I. Yes. They will be able to devote more time for the country.
II. No. Nobody will contest election.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

The legislators should surely not be engaged in any other profession because only then will they be able to work with devotion. So, argument I holds. Also, if such a law is enforced, only those people will contest elections who are really prepared to work for the country. So, argument II is vague.

Question: 5

Statement :
Should the government open more medical colleges in the country?
Arguments :
I. Yes. There is urgent need of qualified doctors and the ratio between doctors and the citizens is the lowest in India.
II. No. The Government should ensure quality education in the existing Medical Colleges as majority of the colleges lack necessary infrastructure.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: B

Clearly, providing the existing Medical Colleges with modern and more sophisticated infrastructure can help them produce more and much learned doctors, as they can then cater to more students and provide quality education. So, only argument II holds strong while I does not.

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