100+ IBPS Mains Prelims Reasoning Questions Pdf - 1

Question: 1

Economic liberalization and globalization have put pressure on Indian industry, particularly on the service sector, to offer quality product and services at low costs and with high speed. Organizations have to compete with high speed. Organizations have to compete with unequal partners from abroad. It is well recognized that developing countries like India are already behind other countries technologically, in many areas, although some of them, particularly India, boast of huge scientific and technical manpower. In addition, to this, if an entrepreneur or industrialist has to spend a lot of the time, money and energy in dealing with unpredictable services and in negotiating with the local bureaucracy, it can have a significant dampening effect on business.
Official formalities are less cumbersome in almost all the countries except India.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given and

(E) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: C

The last sentence of the passage hints at cumbersome official formalities in India, but nothing can be deduced about its comparison to other countries.

Question: 2

No, other developing country except India claims that they have highly trained technical manpower.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given and

(E) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: E

The statement although some of them, technical man power in the passage refutes the given fact.

Question: 3

Indian service industry was more comfortable before economic liberalization.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given and

(E) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: B

It is mentioned in the passage that the entry of foreign companies as a result of economic liberalization has put pressure on Indian industry. Thus, the given fact seems quite probable.

Question: 4

India at present is to some extent at par with the developed countries in terms of technological development.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given and

(E) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: D

It is mentioned in the passage that though India boasts of huge technical manpower, yet it lags behind other countries in technology. Thus, it is quite probable that India is in no way at par with the developed countries in terms of technological development.

Question: 5

Foreign companies are more equipped than domestic companies to provide quality services in good time.

(A) if the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it directly follows from the facts given in the passage.

(B) if the inference is ‘probably true’ through not definitely true in the light of the facts given.

(C) if you think the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) if you think the interference is ‘probably false’ though not definitely false in the light of the facts given and

(E) if you think the inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e., it contradicts the given facts.

Ans: A

The fact clearly follows from the first two sentences of the passage.

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