Top 100+ Statement and Arguments Questions and Answers - 1

Question: 1

Each question given below consist of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments us a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Statement :
Should agriculture in rural India be mechanized?
Arguments :
I. Yes. It would lead to higher production.
II. No. Many villagers would be left unemployed.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong and

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

Clearly, mechanization would speed up the work and increase the production. So, argument I is strong enough. Argument II is vague because mechanization will only eliminate wasteful employment, not create unemployment.

Question: 2

Statement :
Should new big industries be started in Mumbai?
Arguments :
I. Yes. It will be create job opportunities.
II. No. It will further add to the pollution of the city.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong and

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: C

Opening up of new industries is advantageous in opening more employment avenues, and disadvantageous in that it adds to the pollution. So, either of the arguments holds strong.

Question: 3

Statement :
Should offers accepting bribe be punished?
Arguments :
I. No. certain circumstances may have compelled them to take bribe.
II. Yes. They should do the job they are entrusted with, honestly.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong and

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: B

Clearly, officers are paid duly for the jobs they do. So, they must do it honestly. Thus, argument II alone holds.

Question: 4

Statement :
Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?
Arguments :
I. No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
II. Yes. This would help settle conflicts.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong and

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

Clearly, India cannot part with a state that is a major foreign exchange earner to it. So, argument I holds strong. Further, giving away a piece of land unconditionally and unreasonably is no solution to settle disputes. So, arguments II is vague.

Question: 5

Statement :
Should foreign films be banned in India?
Arguments :
I. Yes. They depict an alien culture which adversely affects our values.
II. No. Foreign films are a high artistic standard.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong and

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: D

Clearly, foreign films depict the alien culture but this only helps in learning more. So argument I does not hold. Also, the reason stated in argument II is not strong enough in contradicting the ban. So, it also does not hold.

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