100+ Statement and Conclusion Questions and Answers Pdf - 1

Question: 1

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
Statement :
The Bank of England’s move to auction 25 metric tons of gold drew plenty of bidders looking for a bargain, but was criticised by major gold producers worldwide.
Conclusions :
I. The Bank of England should not auction gold which it possesses to keep steady international prices of gold.
II. Bidders should quote higher gold prices to retain present value of gold in the international markets.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: D

The statement does not talk against the auction but only speaks of the response it received from the bidders and gold producers. So, I does not follow. The phrase plenty of bidders looking for a bargain is quite contrary to II. So, II also does not follow.

Question: 2

Statement :
The use of non conventional sources of energy will eliminate the energy crisis in the world.
Conclusions :
I. Modern technology is gradually replacing the conventional sources of energy.
II. The excessive exploitation of environment has led to depletion of conventional sources of energy.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: E

Both I and II directly follow from the given statement.

Question: 3

Statement :
Good voice is a natural gift but one has to keep practicing to improve and excel well in the field of music.
Conclusions :
I. Natural gifts need nurturing and care.
II. Even though your voice is not good, one can keep practising.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: A

Clearly I follows directly from the given statement. However, II is not related to the given statement and so does not follow.

Question: 4

Statement :
India’s economy is depending mainly on forests.
Conclusions :
I. Trees should be preserved to improve Indian economy.
II. India wants only maintenance of forests to improve economic conditions.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: A

It is mentioned in the statement that India’s economy depends mainly on forests. This means that forests should be preserved. So, I follows. But, that only preservation of forests can improve the economy, cannot be said. So, II does not follow.

Question: 5

Statement :
In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese emigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed the rate of bowel cancer increase but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan.
Conclusions :
I. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also.
II. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: D

The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.

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