English Comprehension Passages with Questions and Answers Pdf - 1

Question: 1

It is a commonly held belief that quality and productivity are a function of technology or a set of new equipment. No doubt these are essential, but they alone are not sufficient for bringing about improvements in productivity or quality. It is the men and women behind the machines and the people who manage the technology who are critical in bringing about these improvements. It has been a strange paradox of India’s economic development that even though people are our most abundant resource, they have so far either been neglected or treated as liabilities rather than as assets. Part of the reason for this has been outdated labour laws which have been a deterrent for industrialists and employers, leading them to establish capital intensive rather than labour intensive operations. The other reason has been a confrontationist attitude, both on the part of labour as well as managements. A change must come about in both these factors, outside representation and leadership of unions etc need to change. At the same time, the attitude of confrontation must change to one of cooperation and active collaboration.
Which of the following statements on confrontation between labour and management is false?

(A) neglect of labour intensive operations

(B) too much governmental interference between labour and management

(C) conflicting attitude of labour and management

(D) establishment of capital intensive industries

Ans: B

too much governmental interference between labour and management

Question: 2

The opposite of ‘deterrent’ as used in the passage is

(A) non-interference

(B) help

(C) patronage

(D) influence

Ans: B


Question: 3

The word ‘critical’ in the passage means

(A) analytical

(B) crucial

(C) judicial

(D) judicious

Ans: B


Question: 4

Capital intensive operations can lead to

(A) strict labour laws

(B) irrelevant labour laws

(C) too many labour laws

(D) new labour laws

Ans: B

irrelevant labour laws

Question: 5

Labour intensive operations can lead to

(A) industrial process needing to employ many people

(B) better relations between labour and management

(C) fear of unemployment

(D) none of these

Ans: A

industrial process needing to employ many people

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