50+ Cause and Effect Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers - 1

Question: 1

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as
In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given.
I. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.
II. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

(A) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) if both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) if both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ans: D

The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed up independent causes.

Question: 2

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given.
I. The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years.
II. The district administration has conducted extensive training programmes for the workers involved in the literacy drive.

(A) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) if both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) if both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ans: B

Clearly, the increases in the literacy rate may be attributed directly to the stringent efforts of the district administration in this directions.

Question: 3

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given.
I. The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers.
II. The citizens group in the locality have started night vigil in the area.

(A) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) if both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) if both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ans: E

Both the statements are clearly backed by a common cause, which is clearly an increase in the number of thefts in the locality.

Question: 4

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given.
I. Majority of the students in the college expressed their opinion against the college authority’s decision to break away from the university and become autonomous.
II. The university authorities have expressed their inability to provide grants to its constituent colleges.

(A) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) if both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) if both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ans: B

Clearly, the university’s decision to refuse grant to the colleges must have triggered the college authority to become autonomous.

Question: 5

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given.
I. There is sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year.
II. The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.

(A) if statement I is the cause and statement II is its effects.

(B) if statement II is the cause and statement I is its effects.

(C) if both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) if both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) if both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Ans: A

A sharp decline in oil seed production is bound to reduce oil supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.

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