Statement and Conclusion MCQ Quiz Questions and Answers - 1

Question: 1

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
Statement :
The Cabinet of State X took certain steps to tackle the milk glut in the state as the cooperatives and government dairies failed to use the available milk. – A news report.
Conclusions :
I. The milk production of State X is more than its need.
II. The Government and cooperative dairies in State X are not equipped in terms of resources and technology to handle such excess milk.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: E

The use of the term ‘milk glut’ makes I implicit. Also, the fact that the cooperatives and Government dairies failed to use the available milk indicates that they lack the proper infrastructure to handle such quantities of milk. So, II also follows.

Question: 2

Statement :
The interview panel may select a candidate who neither possesses the desired qualifications nor the values and attributes.
Conclusions :
I. The inclusion of specialists on the interview panel does not guarantee that the selection will be proper.
II. The interview test has certain limitations in the matter of selections of candidates.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: E

Clearly, both I and II correctly explain the given statement. So, both follow.

Question: 3

Statement :
Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come.
Conclusions :
I. The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future.
II. It will be very difficult for the government of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: B

The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus II follows.

Question: 4

Statement :
It is almost impossible to survive and prosper in this world without sacrificing ethics and morality.
Conclusions :
I. World appreciates some concepts but may not uphold it.
II. Concept of ethics and morality are not practicable in life.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: B

Clearly, I is vague and so does not follow. However, II directly follows from the given statements.

Question: 5

Statement :
Players who break various records in a fair way get special prizes. Player X broke the world record but was found to be under the influence of a prohibited drug.
Conclusions :
I. X will get the special prize.
II. X will not get the special prize.

(A) if only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either I and II follows

(D) if neither I nor II follows and

(E) if both I and II follow

Ans: B

Clearly, X will not get the special prize because although he broke the world record, he was found to use unfair means. So, II follows while I does not.

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