Statement and Argument Questions and Answers for SBI PO - 1

Question: 1

Each question given below consist of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments us a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument.
Statement :
Should Doordarshan be given autonomous status?
Arguments :
I. Yes. It will help Doordarshan to have fair and impartial coverage of all important events.
II. No. The coverage of events will be decided by a few who may not have healthy outlook.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

Clearly, the autonomous status of the Doordarshan will be a step towards giving it independence for an impartial coverage. Autonomous status does not mean that the coverage will be decided by a few. So, only argument I holds.

Question: 2

Statement :
Should higher education be completely stopped for sometime?
Arguments :
I. No. It will hamper the country’s future progress.
II. Yes. It will reduce the educated unemployment.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: A

Clearly, higher education is not the cause of unemployment. In fact, it has created greater job opportunities. So, argument II is vague. Also, higher education promotes the country’s development. So, argument I holds.

Question: 3

Statement :
Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means.
II. Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: D

Taking care of the parents is a moral duty of the children and cannot be thrust upon them legally, nor such a compulsion can ensure good care of the old people. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

Question: 4

Statement :
Should there be reservation of seats and posts on communal basis?
Arguments :
I. Yes. It will check most of the intercommunal biases.
II. No. Ours is a secular state.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: B

Clearly reservations on communal basis will increase inter communal biases. So, argument I is vague. Also it will be against the secular policy, according to which no communal group is given preference over the others. So, only argument II holds.

Question: 5

Statement :
Are nuclear families better than joint families?
Arguments :
I. No. Joint families ensures security and also reduce the burden of work.
II. Yes. Nuclear families ensure greater freedom.

(A) if only argument I is strong

(B) if only argument II is strong

(C) if either I and II is strong

(D) if neither I nor II is strong

(E) if both I and II are strong

Ans: E

Clearly, with so many people around in a joint family, there is more security. Also, work is shared. So, argument I holds. In nuclear families, there are lesser number of people and so lesser responsibilities and more freedom. Thus, II also holds.

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